A dangerous blood sugar is a state in which the sugar levels in the blood are either too much or too little. A blood sugar of anything more than 180 mg/dl is considered dangerously high while that of less than 55 milligrams/deciliter is usually considered dangerously low. A blood sugar level ranging from 82 to 110 mg/dl is considered to be normal. However, these keep on fluctuating depending on the types of foods eaten. It is important for patients suffering from diabetes to keep on checking their blood sugar levels to avoid any fluctuations.
Amy time an individual blood sugar levels falls below 55 mg or above 180 mg/dl, the person may begin to experience the effects of abnormal blood sugar levels such as fatigue, dizziness and weakness. If the dangerous levels are sustained for a longer period of time, there is a high possibility of serious medical complications.
There are various ways of measuring blood sugar levels. However, the most common method involves introducing a glucose-indicating enzyme, like hexokinase, into the blood sample. The medical professional then tracks and measures the changes. Should extremely high or low blood sugar levels be seen, there may be a need for further testing to confirm reading. The patients can then be diagnosed with hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, depending on the final results.
Hypoglycemia is usually indicated by a blood sugar level that is consistently below 60 mg/dl. Some of the symptoms of the condition include nausea, fatigue and an unhealthy pallor. When there isn’t enough blood sugar to fuel metabolic processes, important tissues and cells can get seriously damaged. Persons with blood sugars that are dangerously low can experience significant damage of the nerve, with cases that are more severe resulting in death or coma. Though the symptoms may not be noticed immediately, they will finally manifest themselves.
People develop hyperglycemia as a result of dangerously high blood sugar levels. Unlike hypoglycemia the hyperglycemia effects can typically go unnoticed until the condition becomes worse to a certain degree. In most cases, patients suffer from the symptoms when their blood sugars become more than 270mg/dl or more. When they get to these levels, the patient begins to complain of dry mouth, tingling feeling in the feet and slower wounds. Other Symptoms may include the urge to urinate frequently, breath shortness, nausea and a dry and itchy skin. If unchecked, hyperglycemia can cause cardiac arrhythmia, diabetes mellitus as well as other serious medical conditions.
It is possible to control blood sugar levels through a lifestyle change, among them diet. In case of hypoglycemia, patients can meet their need for blood sugar by increasing their eating of fruits or through a dextrose drip. Incase of hyperglycemia, the only solution lies in cutting any unnecessary intake of sugars. If you are taking diabetes medication, confirm that it isn’t expired. Sugars can be removed/reduced from the diet altogether. However, dietary management should be complemented with regular exercise to promote the efficient use of blood sugar. For severe cases, the changes can be lifelong. If your sugar is consistently high or low, speak to a health care provider on how to manage it.